OPINION, P2 MIND & GAMES A new study suggests that a single genetic mutation helps explain why monkeys have tails, while apes and people do not Page 10 Mischievous and fake crusades FE LINES Floating meals have caught the fancy of many a traveller Page 8 HOW HUMANS LOST THEIR TAILS ACROSS THE AISLE , P CHIDAMBARAM Eating on water LEISURE Follow us on Twitter & Facebook. App available on App Store & Play Store WWW.FINANCIALEXPRESS.COM VOL. XX NO. 47 ‘WOMEN’S IPL IS INEVITABLE’ NEW DELHI SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2021, 14 Pages, `10 (Patna `11, Raipur `10) P U B L I S H E D F R O M : A H M E D A B A D , FINANCIAL EXPRESS ON SUNDAY B E N G A L U R U , WHAT'S INSIDE C H A N D I G A R H , C H E N N A I , Harsha Bhogle on cricket, fantasy sport, IPL and more... Page 6 READ TO LEAD H Y D E R A B A D , K O C H I , K O L K A T A , L U C K N O W , M U M B A I , N E W D E L H I , P U N E NEW POLICY ADDRESS TO UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY Vehicle Regressive nations using biz nowscrapping open to all terror as political tool: PM ● But auto firms ■ SPOTLIGHT, P7 Pipe dream Despite govt efforts, safe tap water remains a privilege in India due to concerns over steady supply, quality checks, testing and real-time surveillance of consumer complaints, among other factors ■ WORDS WORTH, P4 From the farend of the field In Star Gazing: The Players in My Life, Ravi Shastri sketches cricketers past and present ODD & EVEN ROHNIT PHORE ● Targets Pak; says ensure no country takes advantage of delicate situation in Afghanistan Undaunted by coercion: Quad msg to Beijing UNDERLINING THATTHE world Prime Minister Narendra Modi addresses the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly at the United Nations headquarters in New York City on Saturday REUTERS 2014, Modi called upon the international fraternity at the UN not to abandon Afghanistan where people ● Fertiliser and power sectors will benefit QUAD, WHICH HAS pledged to donate over 1.2 billion Covid vaccine doses globally, has delivered nearly 79 million safe, effective and quality-assured vaccine doses to countries in the Indo-Pacific to contain the devastating coronavirus pandemic, according to the four-member grouping. The Quad or Quadrilateral Security Dialogue comprises India, the US, Japan and Australia. As per the Johns Hopkins university data, the deadly virus has so far infected 231,154,501 people and killed 4,737,927 globally.PAGE 14 Pak ‘arsonist’ disguising itself as ‘fire-fighter’: India at UNGA PAKISTAN, WHERE TERRORISTS enjoy free pass, is an “arsonist" disguising itself as a "fire-fighter", and the entire world has suffered as it nurtures dreaded terrorists like Osama bin Laden in its backyard, India has said in a blistering retort after Prime Minister Imran Khan raked up the issue of Kashmir in his address to the UN General Assembly. "We exercise our Right of Reply to one more attempt by the leader of Pakistan to tarnish the image of this august forum by bringing in matters internal to my country and going so far as to spew falsehoods on the world stage,” first secretary Sneha Dubey said on Friday. PAGE 11 Continued on Page 11 'Co-ops to play bigger role in farming' PRIMARY AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE society (PACS) ANUPAM CHATTERJEE New Delhi, September 25 UTILISATION LEVELS OF gas- based powerplants are seen to double by FY25 from current levels, driven by increased domestic gas production from the east coast fields and prices of liquefied natural gas (LNG) becoming competitive. As per a recent report by HDFC Securities, plant load factor (PLF) for gas-based power plants are seen to rise from 18% in July this year to 36% by FY25, and “this should drive an incremental total demand of 13 million standard cubic meter per day (mscmd) between FY21-25 (estimated)”. Fertiliserand powersectors are the largest consumers of natural gas, consuming 51% of total gas available in the country. Among the 24,900 megawatt (MW) of installed gas-based power stations in the country, most of them are sitting idle due to low availability of the fuel. includingwomen,childrenand minorities need help. MORE TEETH Plant load factor to double by FY25 Quad supplies 79m safe Covid shots to Indo-Pacific nations PLAYERS IN THE automobile IN A CLEAR signal to Bei- OUTLOOK FOR GAS QuickPicks SURYA SARATHI RAY New Delhi, September 25 SHUBHAJIT ROY SHUBHAJIT ROY New Delhi, September 25 is facing an“increased threat of regressivethinkingandextremism”, Prime Minister Narendra ModionSaturdaytoldtheglobal community that it needs to be alertandensurethatnocountry tries to take advantage of “the delicate situation” in Afghanistananduseitasa“tool forits own selfish interests”. TargetingPakistanfollowing his discussions with leaders of theQuadandwithUSPresident Joe Biden, the Prime Minister drew attention to Islamabad’s “regressivethinking”anditsuse of“terrorism as a politicaltool”. Addressing the United Nations General Assembly in New York for the fourth time since he first assumed office in can’t directly own testing centres IN POOR STATE ■ There are 24,900 MW of installed gas-based power stations in the country ■ Around 12,000 MW of gas plants are stressed assets ■ 5,600 GW have had no gas supplied to them in FY20 ■ The rest have limited supplies Around 12,000 MW of gas plants are stressed assets, 5,600 GW have had no gas supplied to them in FY20, while the rest have limited supplies. Average PLF of India’s gas-based powerplants increased to 27.4% in AprilJuly, 2020 as spot LNG prices fell to about $2-3/ million British thermal unit (mBtu). Continued on Page 11 may become the implementing agencies of different government schemes in the farm sector when the new cooperative policy is unveiled,which is likely this year. The Centre also plans to facilitate creation of more PACS so that one such cooperative is found in every two villages, reports Fe Bureau. “There is a role of PACS in many farm-related schemes like electronic national agriculture market (e-NAM), soil health card and farmer producer organisations (FPOs). Benefits of all these schemes will reach at the ground when PACS are made implementing agencies at village levels,” union cooperation minister Amit Shah said on Saturday addressing first National Cooperative Conference. The newly created cooperation ministry is also considering a proposal to convert PACS as FPO, Shah added. He said PACS would be strengthened and states would be requested to make necessary changes in their laws through advisories. DETAILS P 3 jing and its growing belligerence in the IndoPacific region, leaders of the Quad grouping said Saturday that they “recommit to promoting the free, open, rulesbased order, rooted in international law and undaunted by coercion, to bolster security and prosperity in the IndoPacific and beyond”. The reference to “undaunted by coercion” is the most direct articulation against China from the leaders of four “likeminded democracies” who met for the first-ever in-person Quad summit at the White House. value chain, including manufacturers of vehicles and auto parts, dealers and service stations, can’t directly own and operate automated testing stations (ATSs) under the new scrapping policy, according to the final rules in this regard that came into effect on Saturday. They will, however, be eligible to set up ATS shops by forming subsidiaries or joint ventures or special purpose vehicles. SHIFT IN POLICY Continued on Page 11 450-500 automated testing units and 60-70 scrapping centres will come up A clutch of companies, including Tata Motors, have signed initial pacts with the Gujarat and Assam governments in this regard Fresh investment of over `10,000 crore likely to be made Continued on Page 11 The restriction is aimed at eliminatinganykindofconflict ofinterest,officialsourcessaid. Settingupofscrappingcentres, however, will be open to all, including the assorted entities in the automobile sector. As per an estimate by the government, 450-500 automated testing units and 60-70 scrappingcentreswillcomeup in the country with a fresh investment of more than `10,000 crore. Scrapping policy will give boost to the automobile industry, help cut vehicular air pollution and create thousands of jobs Sound testing and scrapping infrastruct ure need of the hour NEW DEVICES Quality stamp for electronics must; DoT lists items for test ● Product standardisation will kick in from July 2022 Security checks KIRAN RATHEE New Delhi, September 25 THE DEPARTMENT OF telecommunications(DoT)has notified a comprehensive list of telecom products that require mandatorytesting and certification before being sold inthecountry.FromJuly1next year, products like smart watches, tracking devices, smart cameras,smart electricity meters,base tower stations (BTS) for telecom networks, etc, can be sold, imported or used in the countryonlyif they have been certified and tested by any accredited lab. All these products have been notified under the third phase of mandatory testing and certification of telecom equipment (MTCTE) regime, whichcameintoforceafterthe government amended the Indian Telegraph rules. In the fourth phase, products like optical fibre,point of sale (PoS) devices, routers, transmission From July 1, 2022, smart watches, tracking devices, smart cameras, etc, can be sold, imported or used in the country only if they have been certified and tested by any accredited lab These products have been notified under the third phase of mandatory testing and certification of telecom equipment regime In the fourth phase, products like optical fibre, point of sale (PoS) devices, routers, LAN switches, etc, would be included and their MTCTE would begin from February 1 equipment, satellite communications equipment, LAN switches, etc, would be included and the mandatory testing and certification for these products would begin from February 1 next year. The mandatorytesting and certification are necessary to check any security flaws, primarily of the imported equipment. Although the government had cleared the proposal for mandatory testing of telecom equipment in 2010, the implementation got delayed due tovarious reasons,including non-compliance with some of the WTO rules. However,thiswassurmountedwith the amendment of the Telegraph Act in 2017. The number of accredited labs has also been ramped up in the country to avoid any supply supply chain disruptions and equipment can be tested andimplementedin the networks in a timely manner. Labs accredited by Telecommunication Engineering Centre (TEC) and ILAC (International Laboratory AccreditationCooperation)are equipped to test and certify the products. Welcoming the government's move, Telecom Equipment Manufacturing Association (TEMA) said the step will promote Make in India, boost local talent, help in national security and data privacy. Continued on Page 11 Auto players step on CNG CVs; offer wide range of models Sales of trucks powered by CNG have remained largely stable over the past three years (in units) FY19 FY20 23,269 cles, sales of CNG-based commercial vehicles (CVs) are rising and the trend is likely to continue. According to auto sectoranalysts,the pandemicled slowdown in economic activities may have seen CVs sales dropping, but the share of CNG vehicles has remained stable.The recent rise in retail price of diesel has also prompted a lot of transporters to shift to CNG from diesel. Accordingtoretailsalesdata Data driven 26,250 NOT JUST PASSENGER vehi- from the government’s Vahan portal, sales of goods carriers (trucks) powered by CNG have remainedlargelystableoverthe past three years (25,729 units in FY19, 26,250 units in FY20 and 23,269 units in FY21),but have increased significantly to 31,529 units to date in the current fiscalyear. According to wholesales data from the Societyof Indian Automobile Manufacturers (Siam), in FY19 total CV goods carrier sales were 9,15,537 units, but these dropped to 6,31,925 in FY20 and to 5,49,149 in FY21. 25,729 VIKRAM CHAUDHARY New Delhi, September 25 It increased sharply to 31,529 units to date in the current fiscal year Siam data reveals CV goods carrier sales were 9,15,537 units in FY19 These dropped to 6,31,925 in FY20 and to 5,49,149 in FY21 FY21 Today,mostCVmakersoffer CNG options in goods carriers. VE Commercial Vehicles (VECV), for example, has eight CNG models, from 4.9-tonne gross vehicle weight (GVW) to 16.02-tonneGVW.Ithascumulatively sold more than 10,000 CNG goods carriers. Vinod Aggarwal, MD & CEO of VECV, toldFEthattheexpandingCNG fuelling network,among other reasons,isboostingthedemand forCNGvehicles.“Forexample, ontheDelhi-Mumbaihighway, one can drive a CNG truck all through.CNGtrucksalsoleadto lower total cost of operation ? whilethefuelispricedfarlower thandiesel,inCNGtrucksthere is no need to addAdBlue (diesel exhaust fluid that helps diesel engines meet BS6 emission norms),”he said. CNG is currently priced about `45 per kg in Delhi, almost half of `88 per litre of diesel,andconsideringthatthe fuelefficiencyofbothisalmost equal,the running cost of CNG vehicles is almost half that of diesel; upfront costs of buying thevehicle are also similar. Last week, Tata Motors launched the CNG variant of its Tata 407 — possibly the most popular CV in India. “The CNG variant offers improved profitabilityof up to 35% over the diesel variant,” the company said. “This further strengthens Tata Motors’ extensive CNG portfolio,ranging from 5-tonne to 16-tonne GVW, in the intermediate and light commercial vehicle (I&LCV) segment.” Similarly, Ashok Leyland offers CNG New Delhi variant of its Dost LCV. Increased usage of CNG in trucks can also impact inflation. Preetam Mohan Singh, senior vice-president (automotive), Praxis Global Alliance,told FE that increased adoption of CNG can likely lead to a potential price drop of essential commodities. “With CNG, mass transportation costs go down, and this means the cost of transporting medicines, fruits, vegetables, which are basic necessities, could also reduce.” Continued on Page 11
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